The purpose of a scientific paper is to describe processes and results which take place while doing research. Research results have to be published as soon as possible. It will allow other researches know about the newest advancements within a certain topic. When writing a paper, you should take into account some considerations:
- Scientific papers must be well-structured. You must divide the paper into sections, sections into subsections, and subsections into smaller parts.
- Your paper cannot be written in a few hours. You should start with a draft containing the main results of your research. Then you should fill up each section with different details. When the first version of the text is finished, ask someone not involved in the text to read it. Thus, you won’t omit some key aspects which are not considered because of your own knowledge.
- Include the necessary tables and figures that are useful for understanding your paper.
You shouldn’t demonstrate a rich vocabulary when writing a scientific paper. Using many
synonyms is not a good practice. For instance, if you are writing about an electronic payment system composed of a server and a client, you should always use the word “client” instead of using customer, purchaser, user and so on.
Personal or Impersonal Style
It is possible to use either a personal or impersonal/passive voice in scientific writing. However, sometimes it is mandatory to use passive voice. Follow the requirements and make sure that the same style is used throughout the text.
Writing long sentences with many relative clauses is not straightforward. Moreover, long sentences are difficult to read. Since scientific writing must be clear, you can split long sentences into several smaller ones.
Abbreviations and Acronyms
In scientific disciplines there are many large expressions which are usually named by their abbreviation. If you use abbreviations in your paper, consider the following hints:
- All the abbreviations should be introduced the first time they occur in the text.
- There is no need for defining well-known concepts such as AIDS, DNA, laser, etc.
- Do not mix abbreviations and spelled-out terms throughout the text.
Handling the gender of the subjects appearing in the text is somehow tricky. For instance,
you may refer to “the user” which is the same whether the user is a woman or a man. But if you need to use a pronoun, what will the gender of he subject be? The best trick is to write a sentence that is flexible in its use of plural subjects: “During the protocol, the users send a message. Then they wait for the server response. ”
Proofread the text in order to make sure there are no ambiguities. Here is a funny example: “Let’s eat grandpa!” instead of “Let’s eat, grandpa!”
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