How to Write a Research Essay: Guide with a Sample Paper

A research essay is a popular task in college. You may think that the concept of this type of essay is simple but it can be difficult. To write a high-level research paper, you should be able to analyze the works of different authors and compare their ideas with your own thoughts. Usually, you should start your essay with a problem that needs to be investigated.

We developed some easy steps for research essay writing for you.

If it is possible, select a topic in which you’re personally interested or you already know something about.

Every essay must include at least three parts: the introduction, the body paragraphs, and the summary.

The introduction is a very important part because it is the first thing your professor will read. It is from the introduction that your reader becomes interested or dislikes your paper. Moreover, an introduction sets up the basis of what you will be writing in your essay.

This part of the paper should be built in a detailed manner and form an explicit discussion. Note all important points to support your subject in this part of the paper and remember that you must explain them in detail. Don’t make your points look the same and irrelevant to the topic.

To write an appropriate conclusion paragraph just summarize your main research points.

To make everything clearer to you, we offer you research essay sample written by one of our writers. Enjoy the reading.

How Do Amir and Hassan Represent the Divisions in Afghan Society, and How Do These Divisions Affect the Courses Their Lives Take?

The Kite Runner is Khaled Hosseini’s best-selling first novel and the first novel in English by an Afghan (Noor, 2003). The author describes the Afghan society between 1975 and 2005, which undergoes the crisis of war, ethnic cleansing, and economic stagnation, through the example of two male characters – Amir and Hassan. The ethnic and religious divisions, as well as the gap between rich and poor resulted in the fortunate destiny of Amir and constant hardships in Hassan’s life.

To begin with, Amir and Hassan represent different ethnic groups in Afghanistan – Amir is Pashtun, and Hassan is Hazara. Pashtuns predominate in the population of Afghanistan and are in the position of power, whereas Hazara, a group subjected to relentless racism, are in minority. The most vivid example of Hazara’s position in Afghan society is the relationship between the families of Amir and Hassan: Hassan and his father Ali are servants of Baba, Amir’s father. “While Amir prepares for school in the morning, Hassan readies Amir’s books and his breakfast. While Amir is at school getting an education, Hassan helps Ali with the chores and grocery shopping” (Sparknotes, 2010). Khaled Hosseini shows many instances of racism toward Hazaras. For example, when Amir runs to find Hassan after the kite tournament, he meets an old merchant who saw Hassan. Before showing the way the old man says: “Lucky Hazara, having such a concerned master. His father should get on his knees, sweep the dust at your feet with his eyelashes” (Hosseini, 2004, p.38) Ethnic harassment has a very negative influance on Hassan’s course of life. The Pashtun boy Assef insults and bullies him, for Hassan has no rights in society. Assef even rapes Hassan with impunity but shortly afterwards Amir witnesses Hassan serving drinks to Assef because Hazara boy cannot do anything due to his inferior status (Sparknotes, 2010). Consequently, Amir’s ethnic affiliation allows him to avoid persecution, when Hassan suffers from constant abuse for his belonging to Hazara tribe.

Another division between protagonist and his friend is religion. The majority of Pashtuns are Sunni Muslim, while most Hazaras are Shia Muslim. Both sects share the fundamental beliefs of Islam but some of their other beliefs and practices differ (Sparknotes, 2010). The important episode in a story depicts Taliban takeover of Kabul and subsequent collapse of the Soviet regime. Though Afghan natives celebrate the event, Hazaras, such as Hassan are not so joyous: “God help the Hazaras now,” (Hosseini, 2004, p.116) he says to Rahim Khan. This foreshadowing is realized as the Taliban, seemingly religious Sunni radicals, massacre Hazaras at Hazarajut. Due to the failing health, Rahim Khan, who takes care of Baba’s house while Baba and Amir live in USA, asks Hassan to move to Kabul with family and help him. Hassan agrees, but soon afterwards Taliban comes to take away the house. Tragically, they shoot down harmless Hassan and his wife Farzana, with only their son Sohrab surviving. Religious division in Afghanistan has a significant effect on Amir and Hassan: Sunni has power and in this respect Amir is safe from harm; Hassan is Shia, which, again, is a cause of his adversities.

One last example of split in Afghan society in the context of Amir and Hassan is a gap between rich and poor. Amir is the son of a successful man in Kabul (Corbett, 2006). The house they live in is a picture of high material position: a big mansion with marble floors, crystal chandelier and wide windows. In contrast, Hassan and his father abide in a mud hut, lit with two kerosene lamps and two mattresses on the floor (Kite Runner Study Guide, 2009). When soviets invade Afghanistan in 1979, Baba decides to flee to USA with Amir. He belongs to the upper-class and can afford buying plane tickets, paying drivers who undertake a dangerous conveyance through the border. Meanwhile, Ali and Hassan have no means to avoid the hazardous situation and are forced to remain in Afghanistan, at the heart of tumultuous events. Thus, class separates the boys as did tribe and religion (Corbett, 2006).

In conclusion, it is clear that ethnicity, religion, and class are those divisions in Afghan society which caused comfortable circumstances in Amir’s life and sufferings in Hassan’s. Amir doesn’t meet any outrage because of his ethnic affiliation; on the contrary, Hassan is a victim of Taliban. Khaled Hosseini shows the divisions in Afghan society masterfully connecting them to the fates of the main characters.


Hosseini, K. (2004). The kite runner. Great Britain: Bloomsbury Publishing.
Noor, R. (2004). Review: The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini. World Literature Today, Vol. 78, No. 3/4 (Sep. – Dec., 2004), p 148.
SparkNotes Editors. (2010). SparkNote on The Kite Runner. Retrieved March 20, 2014, from
Corbett, B. (2006, May). Review of the book The kite runner by Hosseini K. Retrieved March 22, 2014, from
Kite Runner Study Guide (2009). Retrieved from”

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