Through the Middle Ages, the plague or Black Death killed about a third of the population. The height of the Black Death happened between 1347 until about 1400 ending the lives of about 25 million people between the years 1347 and 1352 (Galán 2013). The epidemic is widely attributed to the bubonic plague which is an infectious disease spread through the infestation of rodents and fleas.
This pandemic was attributed to a variety of causes including witches and astrology (Ibeji, 2011). The Black Death has never been fully eradicated. No one has ever been able to nail down the cause of how the plague in the Middle Ages ended (2011). A few of the possible reasons for this are hygiene, clean air, and Quarantine.
Hygiene played a part in the slowing down of the epidemic. Prior to the plague personal hygiene was not a priority for most of the population. Water contamination, bad bathing practices, and mass graves were a regular occurrence (2011). Due to the Black Death people started boiling drinking water and bathing more often. These major hygiene practices helped in the fight against the Black Death.
A second factor is the purifying of air. When the Black Death became airborne, it became popular for people to clean the air with incense. They also sat between fires and used a lot of torches attempting to stay disease free (2011).
Another major possibility for the end of the Black Death is quarantine. Most of the population adopted the practice of leaving their homes only when necessary. The wealthy mostly escaped to a house in the country where it was easier to keep away from infected by fleas or rodents (2011). The sick were also quarantined and often times were left to die.
All of these factors had large roles in the ending of the plague in the Middle Ages. The Black Death was a horrific disease that killed a lot of people. This event in history slowed significantly through quarantine and changing hygiene habits of the population.
Galán, F. C. (2013, October 21). The black death: Turning point and end of the Middle Ages? – OpenMind.
How the Black Death Came to an End. (2011). Retrieved July 11, 2016, from http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/suic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?zid=11d616917c0a0f5ee6b8ca9018471361&action=2&catId=&documentId=GALE|EJ2181500192&userGroupName=clov94514&jsid=1276d8bbb5aa3ac8e1818f0d2be323d1
Ibeji, M. (2011, March 10). Black Death. Retrieved July 11, 2016, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/middle_ages/black_01.shtml (Ibeji 2011)
The Black Death. (n.d.). Retrieved July 11, 2016, from http://academic.mu.edu/meissnerd/plague.html
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